The Parker Solar Probe was the first to enter the Sun’s corona, where temperatures are well over a million degrees. It emerged unscathed.

Picture of the Parker Solar Probe

On April 28, 2021, after 8 passes through the solar system at more than 350,000 mph, the Parker Solar Probe made history by being the first manmade object to officially cross the Alfvén Critical Surface, the official boundary of the Sun’s atmosphere, and emerge intact to transmit data back to…

In the wealthiest country in the history of the world, 1 in 8 people are food insecure due largely to rising healthcare costs.

The US Department of Agriculture keeps rigorous data on the American peoples’ food security (or lack thereof), and their most recent report should concern everyone. They found that 10.5% of US households experienced food insecurity in 2020, meaning that roughly 13.8 million households had disruptions of access to proper nutrition…

The FDA approved the medications gemfibrozil and retinoic acid decades ago for other uses, but now scientists believe they can reverse Alzheimer’s disease.

Picture of a pill bottle

Globally, some 50 million people suffer from Alzheimer’s, a degenerative brain disease characterized by memory loss, poor judgement, disorientation, among many other symptoms. For those that suffer from it and their families, the onset of Alzheimer’s can radically alter their lives, leaving many in need of serious care and counseling…

Trump blamed bad trade deals for the loss of American jobs, so he waged a trade war with China. It didn’t go well.

One of the reasons for Trump’s appeal is that he promised to bring jobs back. He painted a picture of politicians and corporations selling out the American worker to line their own pockets by inking harmful trade deals, namely with China, the European Union, Canada, and Mexico. He positioned himself…

Race-norming is blatant racism, and it’s being used to award Black players with less compensation for their brain injuries.

When Amon Gordon began his NFL career with the Cleveland Browns in 2004, he never thought it’d lead to dementia. After a prolific but short career playing for a handful of teams, Gordan, at the young age of 40, is unable to work and is now among more than 20,000…

A Chilean scientist believes manipulating extremophile bacteria to eat metal can save the environment from mining waste.

picture of mining equipment

Sitting in her laboratory 1,100 kilometers north of Santiago, Nadac Reales watched bacteria devour a nail in only 3 days. It was an idea she’d had since university. Working closely with her country’s many mining plants to increase the efficiency of copper extraction, she focused on using microorganisms to help…

The extraordinarily dense insides of neutron stars serve up large portions of the strongest known substances: quantum spaghetti, lasagna, bucatini, gnocchi, and waffles for dessert.

picture of a neutron star

Neutron stars are deliciously weird. The post-supernova collapsed core of supermassive stars, they rotate upwards of 43,000 times per minute (24% the speed of light), are 10 times hotter than the Sun, can have magnetic fields 10 15times stronger than Earth’s, and are 10 14times denser than water. In fact…

The lead-crime hypothesis suggests that childhood lead exposure leads to higher crime rates roughly 20 years later.

A little boy drinking from a water spigot.

Through the 1970s and 80s crime rates in New York City skyrocketed. Murders, robberies, and rapes were up 5-fold, 14-fold, and 4-fold respectively since the 1960s, leaving residents feeling like hostages in their own city. …

The US Founding Fathers were certainly religious, but most questioned the Bible, the intervention of God in the affairs of man, and even the divinity of Christ.

After the Constitutional Convention of 1787, Alexander Hamilton was asked why God wasn’t mentioned in the country’s founding document. “We forgot” he responded snarkily. This may come as a surprise to some, as it seems to be common knowledge in some circles that the US Founding Fathers were devout Christians…

Texas Republicans overhauled state election laws, adding unnecessary barriers for marginalized voters and undermining the basic tenets of democracy.

Texas and American flags

Texas House Democrats fled to Washington DC for 6 weeks to avoid voting on the new bill. After two special sessions, though, Republicans forced a vote and passed the bill to overhaul state election laws in a late-night win, 80–41. Democrats fought so hard against it because they believe it…

The Happy Neuron

Stimulating articles to make your brain happy. www.thehappyneuron.com

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store